Cervical Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Screening | AMO

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Cervical cancer Information
Cervical cancer Information

Cervical cancer is relatively common among women. It is a type of malignant tumor affecting the cervix. Most cervical cancers result from persistent infection with one of the cancerogenic substances or canceration of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV). Through diagnostic observation, lesions of cervical cancer would appear in a texture resembling the surface of a strawberry. Mosaic-like rete vasculosum may appear in serious cases. 90% of cervical cancers are squamous cell cancers and the other 10% cases are adenocarcinoma.

Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer symptoms
Cervical cancer
  • Abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods, during sexual intercourse or after menopause
  • Abnormal (such as odorous) secretions in vagina
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
Cervical cancer risk factors
Cervical cancer risk factors
  • HPV infection
  • Very active sex life, having sex prematurely or multiple sexual partners
  • Unprotected sex
  • Smoking
Cervical cancer
  • Smear examination
  • Vaginoscopy
  • Cone biopsy
  • Biopsy

Surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Doctors may adopt one or more therapies upon consideration of different factors.

  • National Cancer Institute, Cervical Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Health Professional Version, https://www.cancer.gov/types/cervical/hp/cervical-treatment-pdq#section/all
  • 健康與你, 子宮頸癌成因與檢查, https://u2health.net/hpv/
  • 痞客邦, 甚麼是子宮頸癌? http://honkico.pixnet.net/blog/post/130612747-甚麼是子宮頸癌?
  • _健康資訊, 2013年7月2日
  • 癌症基金會, 子宮頸癌, http://www.cancer-fund.org/tc/cervical-cancer.html
  • 衛生署, 子宮頸普查計劃, http://www.cervicalscreening.gov.hk/textonly/tc_chi/cc/cc_diagnosis.html
  • 衛生署家庭健康服務, 預防子宮頸癌, http://www.fhs.gov.hk/tc_chi/mulit_med/000048.html
  • 衛生防護中心, 子宮頸癌, https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/25/56.html