Leukemia Symptoms & Signs, Causes and Screening | AMO

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Leukemia Information
Leukemia Information

Commonly known as “blood cancer”, it usually originates in the bone marrow, causing massive proliferation of abnormal white blood cells. Under normal circumstances, hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow gradually divide into different cells such as red blood cells and white blood cells. Any abnormality in the process, however, would produce abnormal blood cells that circulate in the blood. There are four types of leukemia: chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and acute myeloid leukemia.

Leukemia symptoms
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweats
  • Becoming thin
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Swelling of lymph nodes
  • Susceptible to bleeding or bruise
Leukemia risk factors
Leukemia risk factors
  • Prolonged exposure to chemicals, such as ethylbenzene
  • Exposure to radiant rays
  • Congenital chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome
  • Infected with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1
  • Bone marrow examination
  • Special staining and biochemical cell test
  • Chromosome examination

Chemotherapy, targeted therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplant

  • iHealth, 不治之症?揭露白血病的真相, https://www.ihealth.com.tw/article/白血病/
  • National Cancer Institute, Leukemia—Patient Version, https://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia
  • 癌症基金會, 白血病, https://www.cancer-fund.org/upload/booklets/file/
  • 2015%20Cancer%20Booklet%20with%20No%20HSBC%20Logo/
  • Leukaemia%20Pdf%202015C.pdf
  • 臺北市立聯合醫院癌症防治研究發展中心癌症資訊網, 白血病簡介, http://website.tpech.gov.tw/cancer/癌症預防與篩檢/白血病簡介.html