Throat Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment | AMO Oncology Centre

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Throat cancer Treatment
Throat cancer

Throat cancer, a digestive system cancer, can be classified into four types - supraglottic cancer, which originates from the root of the lingual surface of epiglottis; glottic cancer, which originates from the vocal cord; subglottic cancer, which originates beneath the vocal cord; and transglottic cancer, which originates from the laryngeal ventricle.

The greatest benefit of radiotherapy is to retain the structure and function of the throat so the patient can still have a voice, but the downside is that it is susceptible to failure in controlling the primary lesion and has some side effects, e.g. dry mouth, taste dysfunction, difficulty swallowing and acute pharyngitis.
Surgical excision
Surgical excision can be partial or complete. The former is suitable for patients in early stages as it retains most of the physiological functions of the throat; the latter is for patients in advanced stages. However, since the entire throat needs to be removed to eradicate the tumor, the patient will not be able to make a voice after surgery, so an artificial throat is needed.
Combination of radiotherapy and surgery
Since throat cancer cells can metastasize or migrate to other parts of the body through the lymph glands, a combination of these two therapies can be more effective.
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